Medulla spinalis ( Hippocrates ) : Latin form of spinal cord (Galen, c162-c166), introduced (in Greek) by Hippocrates in On the Sacred Disease and Fleshes, see translations by Adams (1972, pp. 234, 309) and Potter (1995, p. 139), respectively, and May (1968, p. 575).

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Spinal cord ( SP ; Galen, c162-c176 ) : The caudal (Cleland, 1879) topographic division of the cerebrospinal axis (Meckel, 1817); the rostral (Schulze, 1893) topographic division is the vertebrate brain (Cuvier, 1800). The usual criterion for distinguishing the two divisions in the adult is that the vertebrate brain lies within the skull whereas the spinal cord lies within the spinal (vertebral) column, although this is a difficult problem in practice; see Crosby et al. (1962, pp. 112-120). Definite knowledge of the spinal cord dates to Hippocrates in Fleshes (see translation by Potter, 1995, p. 139), and Galen (c162-c176) used the term specifically-see translation by De Lacy (1978, p. 85). Common synonyms include medulla spinalis (Hippocrates), or spinal medulla in English, and spinal marrow (Bannister, 1578).

Spinal marrow ( Bannister, 1578 ) : English form of medulla spinalis (Hippocrates); see Bannister (1578, f. 106v).

Spinal medulla : English form of medulla spinalis (Hippocrates); see translations by May (1968, p. 575), Adams (1972, pp. 234, 309), and Potter (1995, p. 139).