Nerves ( n ; Herophilus, c335-280 BC ) : A nerve is a topographic division with macroscopically recognizable bundles of axons (K├Âlliker, 1896), or white matter tracts, in the peripheral nervous system (Meckel, 1817) of invertebrates and vertebrates. A nerve can have a number of structural differentiations like roots, trunk, and branches, and can have a peripheral ganglion associated with it. When a series of ganglia is associated with a white matter tract, it is referred to as a peripheral nerve cord in the peripheral nervous system (Meckel, 1817), a central nerve cord in the central nervous system (Meckel, 1817) of invertebrates, or a radial nerve cord in a nerve net of invertebrates. Herophilus (c335-c280 BC), the founder of human anatomy, is credited with discovering nerves, including most of the cranial nerves (Longet, 1842) and spinal nerves (Camper, 1760) by distinguishing them from arteries; see Solmsen (1961, p. 185), von Staden (1989, pp. 250-252), and Longrigg (1993, pp. 192, 211).

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